LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
UNDP: Some advances, but inequality continues
New UN index finds persistent gaps between countries and genders.
Latin America and the Caribbean nations are drastically improving health care, education and income distribution, but inequality continues to plague the region, according to the United Nations Development Program´s 2010 Human Development Report.
The new study, entitled, “The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development,” released on Nov. 4, found out of the 32 Latin American and Caribbean nations, only Haiti fell into the “low human development category,” while other nations registered high- and medium-level human development.
Jeni Klugman, the report´s main author, said Latin American and Caribbean nations are quickly catching up to Europe and the United States for basic services, thanks to focused social programs. But she added that inequality continues to be the major hindrance to better development for the region.
This year´s report included new indices that measure gender equality, multidimensional poverty and a human development index that takes inequality into account.
Scores for Haiti, Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru and Panama were greatly lower than they could have been because of constant inequality there.
The Human Development Index for the region totaled 0.704, with 1 being the highest development, while when inequality is taken into account, its score was 0.527.
Cuba was not included in this year´s study because of a lack of information on incomes, though the report notes the country´s high level of health care and education. —Latinamerica Press.
Human Development Index 2010*
* Measures basic human development indicators: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.
** 1 - 0, with 1 representing the highest human development.
Source: United Nations Development Program. Compartir