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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
World Bank links violence to poverty
5/3/2011
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Violence´s economic implication weighs on development, new report says.

Cycles of violence are preventing many developing countries from improving the livelihoods of their citizens, a World Bank Development report found.

The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development,” released April 10, found that unemployment and other economic tensions create a cycle of violence that is met in many countries in the region with weak institutions, which prevents the chances of stemming this trend.

If we are to break the cycles of violence and lessen the stresses that drive them, countries must develop more legitimate, accountable and capable national institutions that provide for citizen security, justice and jobs” said the World Bank´s president, Robert Zoellick.

The report noted that while the civil conflicts that killed hundreds of thousands of people across Central America in the second half of the 20th century have ended, they have left legacies of violence and weak institutions that fail to curb organized crime on which much of the rise in violence is blamed.

Violent crime in these countries, and others in Latin America and the Caribbean, cause millions of dollars in indirect costs.

“Indirect costs — associated with stress and trauma, time off work due to violent incidents, and lower productivity from injury or mental illness — far overshadow direct costs,” said the report. “When other indirect costs are added, such as those for policing, health care, private security, and reduced investment, the figures are even more staggering.” —Latinamerica Press.


LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN
Intentional homicides per 100,000 people

Country
2000-2009*
Honduras
58
El Salvador
51.8
Guatemala
46
Belize
32.7
Haiti
18.6
Ecuador
18
Nicaragua
13
Bolivia
12.6
Paraguay
12.3

* Annual average
Source: World Bank


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