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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
No drop in the number of HIV cases
Latinamerica Press
12/11/2017
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At risk the target of reducing the number of new HIV infections by 75 percent by 2020.

There has been no decline in new HIV cases in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2010, according to a new report released on Nov. 29 by the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), entitled “HIV prevention in the spotlight.”

The report marks the beginning of activities for World AIDS Day on Dec. 1 and points out that “the number of new HIV cases in Latin America and the Caribbean is the same as it was in 2010 — that is, approximately 120,000 new infections each year — and the number of new infections in adult males is estimated to have increased between 2010 and 2016.”

According to the report, in 2016 young men between the ages of 15 and 24 continued to account for one third of all new HIV infections, adding that the majority of new infections (64 percent) occur in men who have sex with men, female sex workers, transgender women and people who inject drugs.

“To reduce new HIV infections among key population groups and the most vulnerable populations, including women and girls, their access to combined prevention packages offering a range of proven effective interventions tailored to the local epidemics must be reinforced. Access to HIV prevention is part of the universal and inalienable human right to health,” said UNAIDS Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, César Núñez during the presentation of the report in Panama City.

The stigma and discrimination continue to fuel the spread of HIV by limiting access to prevention and treatment services for key populations.

According to UNAIDS, there were 1.8 million people living with HIV in Latin America in 2016. Approximately 97,000 new infections occurred in the region that year, of which 1,800 were in children. Additionally, 36,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses —Latinamerica Press.

LATIN AMERICA/THE CARIBBEAN
Percentage of people who have tested for HIV
(2011-2016)
Country
MSM*
FSW**
Transgender women
Nicaragua
96
83
94
Surinam
97
95
nd
Guyana
83
70
57
Panama
79
55
60
El Salvador
77
90
74
Ecuador
77
60
nd
Jamaica
69
65
nd
Costa Rica
65
98
nd
Honduras
55
63
66
Mexico
48
96
73
Chile
48
58
nd
Argentina
48
37
56
Uruguay
47
33
76
Paraguay
46
64
97
Bolivia
46
72
nd
Guatemala
45
97
96
Colombia
27
91
43
Brazil
22
52
nd
Dominican Republic
19
85
84
Peru
5
35
nd

*MSM: Men who have sex with men
**FMS: Female sex workers

Source: UNAIDS/WHO


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It is necessary to develop prevention campaigns and guarantee access to medicines to reduce new HIV infections. /Acción Solidaria
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