Wednesday, October 17, 2018
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Proposals for sustainable water management
Latinamerica Press
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Social buy-in is a challenge for modern mining.

Social issues challenge modern mining. This is just one of the conclusions of "Water, Mining and Basins for Social Development," the first forum of its kind in Lima in September, organized by the Civil Labor Association and the University of Newcastle in the United Kingdom.

In an effort to guarantee the human right of water access, forum participants highlighted the need for communities and social organizations to participate in forming policies for the protection, conservation and sustainable use of water.

Participants also concluded that symmetry must exist between the parties or sectors consuming the water: communities, mining companies, local and regional authorities and the central government.

But participative processes to ensure this still do not exist.

Forum participants said that adequate water management could be in the hands of the people so that mining activities contribute to sustainable development. Three proposals were presented with a social management of water:

Territorial organization

Establish territorial organization as a government policy that includes a social agreement for the lasting use of resources.

To do this an ecological-economic zoning system must be established that will designate the appropriate areas for agriculture, mining, fishing, forestlands and others for sustainable development.

Basin perspective

Since rivers are integral to their basins that connect upstream and downstream water resources, the basin perspective proposes the planning, management and administration of water in with the informed participation of the various organized users.

The water cycle and its role in the ecosystem is important to regulate the resource’s different uses, leaving behind the old paradigms that there are basins with water excesses or that water disappears in the sea.

Holistic vision

Considers the land a complex system for the interaction of social, economic, environmental, cultural and institutional processes. This approach considers the basin the center of planning and development management, and says that the basin populations must be involved in regional and national policy-making.

Latinamerica Press / Noticias Aliadas
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