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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
In Brief
Latinamerica Press
10/21/2014
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Latin America and the Caribbean, Haiti, Mexico, Dominican Republic

During the International Day of Rural Women, on Oct. 15, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) encouraged the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean about the importance of guaranteeing the full exercise of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of rural women. The IACHR called attention on the conditions of poverty and marginalization that women in rural areas live in, without access to economic resources or basic social services. Moreover, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), only 30 percent of rural women are titleholders of their land.

About 12.5 million boys and girls work in Latin America and the Caribbean, 9.5 million of which have jobs that are considered dangerous, estimates the International Labor Organization (ILO). With the goal of completely eradicating child labor by 2020, 25 nations of the region signed on Oct. 15 “The Latin America and the Caribbean Free of Child Labor Regional Initiative”. Through this initiative, these countries also commit to eliminating the worst forms of exploitation by 2016. However, the ILO warned about the child labor reduction stagnation that would prevent reaching the proposed goals.

The United Nations Security Council extended on Oct. 14 the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), until 2015, albeit with a reduction from 5,100 to 2,400 military personnel. However, 200 police agents will join the 2,600 already on the ground. The goal of the extension is to maintain the MINUSTAH’s presence during the legislative and presidential elections next year. The MINUSTAH began operating in Haiti since 2004 after the overthrow of president Jean-Bertrand Aristide (1991, 1994-96 and 2001-2004).

Nine journalists were assassinated in Mexico between January and September 2014, according to a study made public on Oct. 7 by the Latin American Federation of Journalists and the Federation of Mexican Journalist Associations. Additionally, since 2000, there have been 138 murders of reporters and 21 continue disappeared. The most recent case occurred on Oct. 11, when Atilano Román Tirado, host of Fiesta Mexicana radio, in Mazatlán, the northwestern state of Sinaloa, was shot as he live-hosted his weekly program in which he frequently criticized local authorities.

The Oct. 11 death of Loranny Medina, 20 years old and a mother of two, at the hands of her partner because he refused that she study, has made the situation of femicides in the Dominican Republic a topic of discussion. According to national police data, between 2000 and 2013 2,296 women in the Dominican Republic were assassinated by their partners, leaving 7,480 boys and girls without a mother. In the first trimester of this year alone, 87 women have been victims of femicide, reported the Office of the Attorney General.


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